Kangra Himachal Pradesh: History and Economy
In this article, we will talk about the ancient history of Kangra Himachal Pradesh which is the fourth highest as per area after Lahaul and Spiti, Chamba and Kinnaur. Kangra became a district of Himachal Pradesh on 1st November 1966 having area of 5,739 sq km. History of Kangra Himachal Pradesh is mainly divided into three parts: Ancient, Medieval and Modern history. So here we begin:
ANCIENT HISTORY: It is believed that in ancient times, Kangra was formed at the time of Mahabharata. Bhumi Chand founded this riyasat, at that time Multan (Pakistan) was its capital. 234th king of Kangra, Susharma made Kangra as Capital and got the Kangra fort constructed. He was founder of Kangra. He sided Kauravas during Mahabharata. The meaning of trigatra is land between three rivers i.e. Ravi, Beas and Satluj. Banganga, Nugal and Kurali khad’s meeting point is also known as trigatra. As per Cunningham, Jalandhar’s name has been taken from Jalandhar Rakshak, who was killed by Lord Shiva. Mohd. Ghajnavi Darbari UTBI mentioned this fort as Bheemkot in his book.
Books: Trigatra is mentioned in Mahabharata, Puranas and Rajtrangini. Panini also mentioned Trigatra as Ayudhjeevi Sangh in eighth chapter. Kangra means Kan-ka-gad. Lord Shiva killed Jalandhara and his ear fell here.
European Traveller: 1615-Thomas Koryat, 1666-Thevenot, 1783-Foster and 1832-William Moorcraft visited this place. Hiuen Tsang visited in 635AD.
MEDEIVAL HISTORY: Mahmoud Ghajnavi in 1009 attacked Kangra Fort by defeating Anandpal and Bhrampal. Jagdish Chand was the king of Kangra at that time. Kangra was under Turak till 1043. Tomar king helped Kangra to get free from Turak. In 1051-52 Kangra was again under Turak till 1060.
Tuglaq: Mohammad Bin Tuglaq attacked Kangra in 1337. Prithvi Chand was the king at that time. Firozshah Tuglaq took 1300 books from Jwalaji to France to get them translated into Faarsi (French). Firozshah Tuglaq’s son Nasirudin Shah took shelter in Kangra in 1389.
Taimur Lang: Kangra king Meghchand 1398 Taimur Lang looted Shivalik (1399) and Dhameri.
Harichand-I And Karamchand: Harichand went for hunting and got lost. His people thought that he was dead and made Karamchand the king. After which he founded Gileir Riyasat. Sansarchand-I, son of Karamchand became king in 1430.
Mughal Vansh : As per Tabakat-e-Akbar, Shanjahan occupied Kangra Fort. Akbar sent Todarmal to measure hilly regions. Vidhichand, in 1589, revolted against Mughals with the help of other kings but lost. Trilokchand (1605-12) and Harichand-II (1612-17) were the kings at the time of Jahangir. Nawab Ali Khan was first mughal kiledar of Kangra Fort. Jahangir got a mosque constructed inside Kangra Fort. Nawab Saif Ali Khan was the last kiledar of Kangra fort.
Abhay Chand (1747-50): He built a fort at thakurdwara and Tihra fort in 1748.
Ghamand Chand (1751-74): He laid the foundation of Sujanpur town in 1761 . In the time of Ahmadshah Durani, he left Kangra. He died in 1774.
Sansar Chand–II (1775-1824): Jassa Singh Ramgarhiya was the first Sikh to attack Kangra, Chambaand Nurpur. Jai Singh Kanhaiya defeated him in 1775. Sansar Chand kept Ishwari Sen (Mandi) in jail for 12 years. Amar Singh Thapa freed him. In 1794, he attacked Bilaspur which is responsible for his decline. Amar Singh Thapa defeated him in Mahalmoriya in 1805. In 1809, Raja Ranjit Singh defeated Amar Singh Thapa and in 1809 Jawalamukhi ki Sandhi was signed between Sansar Chand and Ranjit Singh. Sansar Chand gave Kangra fort and 66 villages to Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Maharaja Ranjit Singh made Dessa Singh Majithiya governor of Kangra Fort and areas of Kangra. Sansar Chand died in 1824.
1. Brijeshwari temple: Mahmoud Ghazni plundered it. 1905 earthquake damaged it